Ethical Considerations (Conflict of Interest, Surgical Innovation, and End of Life)

W. Donald Buie, Anthony R. MacLean

Key Concepts

  • Conflict of interest can take many forms—each are critical to understanding, addressing, and disclosing.
  • Reporting conflict of interest can affect study outcomes.
  • Introduction of new technologies into practice needs to balance progression of the field of medicine versus placing patients at undue and unnecessary risk.
  • Providing excellent and ethical end-of-life care requires attention to three principles: effective communication, accurate prognostication, and sound decision-making.

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Last updated: January 26, 2022